Land Cover and Land Use

Land Cover is the observed biophysical cover on the Earth's surface including trees, shrubs, grasses, soils, exposed rocks and water bodies; as well as anthropogenic elements such as plantations, crops and built environments. Land Use refers to the ways in which land cover is used by humans (e.g. residential, industrial, commercial, agricultural, forestry, recreational).

Theme Purpose

The purpose of the land cover theme is to provide a nationally consistent series of land cover information to support decision making processes across all levels of government. Nationally consistent land cover data will also provide key inputs for the academic and research communities.


Theme Current Status 
In each jurisdiction, the land management or mapping agency creates and manages datasets representing the location of land cover information. This may be integrated from data held by land cover authorities or derived from other sources, or interpreted from satellite or airborne imagery. There is currently no single vertical integration of all six land cover datasets, as listed, for a national coverage.
Theme Future Status 
Provide a nationally consistent suite of land cover datasets which support and deliver land cover information. This will allow linking of location of these features across all themes. Objectives: Fully aggregate all jurisdictional data into a national dataset which provides a complete, consistent representation of the land cover theme. Establish governance structure between ANZLIC and existing supply chain (sponsor, custodian, aggregator and distributor) Compliance to relevant ISO 19100 series, Australian and International spatial standards Establish Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Web Feature Service (WFS) for all datasets Establish Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Web Map Service (WMS) for all datasets Engage Industry on validation of use cases for this dataset Define additional datasets for land cover Water Observations from Space (WOfS) and National Carbon Accounting System

Theme Coverage

Complete, current and continuous coverage of Australia excluding external territories.