Title Purpose Datasets in Theme
Administrative Boundaries

The Administrative Boundaries theme is used to visualise administrative areas that represent voting districts, redistributions, zoning, socio-economic analysis, regional planning, service distribution and local and state government boundaries. In addition, Administrative Boundaries can be used to aggregate information for analytical purposes and geographically stable boundaries (over time) can be used to establish and analyse time series trends. Administrative boundary data in combination with geo-coded address data, demographic information and government agency specific business information underpins the ability to perform high quality spatial analysis. The aggregation and analysis of data includes: evidence-based development and assessment of government policy providing the ability to undertake spatial accounting support for emergency management market catchment analysis, micromarketing and customer analysis and market segmentation

Australian Statistical Geographical Standard Boundaries, Jurisdictional Boundaries, Australian Electoral Boundaries, Maritime Jurisdiction Boundaries, Native Title Boundaries
Elevation and Depth

Elevation and Depth provides an authoritative digital representation of the Earth’s surface enabling evidence based decision making, policy development and an essential reference to other foundation datasets.

Elevation and Depth underpins:

Safe hydrographic, aeronautical and road navigation.
Climate Science, including Climate Change Adaptation.
Emergency management and natural hazard risk assessment.
Environmental, including water management.
Engineering projects and infrastructure development.
Definition of maritime and administrative boundaries.
Defence and national security.
Natural resource exploration and exploitation.

National Digital Elevation and Depth Model
Geocoded Addressing

Addressing data provides users with unique and unambiguous identification of an address site within the context of the desired outcome (the physical location or the delivery location) of every address site.
Addressing is used for:
•Address validation at point of entry
•Socio-economic and demographic analysis
•Emergency services and public safety
•Delivery of products and services
•Personal navigation
•Fraud prevention
•Voter Registration
•Innovation in business

The Geocoded National Address File

Imagery provides an analytical source and contextual background for decision making and supports multiple applications including:

Mapping; topographic features, bathymetry, feature extraction for other fundamental datasets
Emergency Services; Monitoring active and/or recent fires, flood and storm events
Natural resource management; Biomass, native vegetation and agriculture, managing conservation areas
Geosciences; Geoscience resources,
Sustainable human and land use development; auditing urban

Low Resolution (>80m) High Temporal Coverage (>weekly), Medium Resolution (>10-80m) Medium Temporal, High Spatial Resolution (>2.5-10m) Low Temporal Coverage (>Quarterly), Very High Resolution (<2.5 m) Very Low Temporal Coverage (>annual)
Land Cover and Land Use

The purpose of the land cover theme is to provide a nationally consistent series of land cover information to support decision making processes across all levels of government. Nationally consistent land cover data will also provide key inputs for the academic and research communities.

Dynamic Land Cover, Fractional Ground Cover, National Topographic Data, Forest of Australia, Australian Collaborative Land Use and Management Program, National Vegetation Information System
Land Parcel and Property

Land and property data underpins the economic, social and environmental fabric of Australia and is used primarily to: Display extent of allowable use of land Provides a link between mapping and land titles making land management easier and more reliable Provides spatial representation of land ownership types for cadastral parcels Manage Title and Tenure, Nature Conservation, Heritage Protection, Defence, and Disaster Management Improve infrastructure and property development planning Inform water and carbon accounting programs

Land Parcel Boundaries, Land Tenure
Place Names

Place Names are used to consistently identify and record the official and/or commonly-used names for the location of places and features and gazetted or historical information associated with those names.

Place Names are integral to:

Emergency response
Economic, social and environmental analysis
Cultural identity and heritage
Mapping and navigation
Providing a link / index function to other spatial and aspatial data

Gazetteer of Australia

Positioning is Australia's authoritative, reliable, high accuracy spatial referencing system and it provides a common reference for all geospatial data. Services are used by specialists and non-specialists alike, for a growing number of applications.

For example:

  • surveying
  • construction
  • mining
  • precision agriculture
  • asset capture tracking 
  • navigation
  • emergency response
  • law enforcement 
  • insurance 
  • security
  • climate/weather forecast, and
  • recreation
National Geospatial Reference System

The transport network is the means by which people, goods and freight, and many services are moved from one location to another. In countries as remote and relatively sparsely populated as Australia and New Zealand, having effective transport systems are crucial to maintaining competitive and sustainable trade, business and recreation activities. The transport network is also critical for border security and community safety.

Roads, National Crossings, Railways and Railway Stations, Traffic Control Devices, Airports and Airfields, Navigation Aids and Obstacles

Water security is one of Australia’s major challenges. The benefits of using these nationally consistent datasets and products are to facilitate better analysis, improve decision making and understand the resulting impacts.

An important element of the ANZ Foundation Spatial Data Framework (FSDF) Water theme is knowledge of the contained features; the catchments, streams, aquifers, floodplains and storages that make up the hydrological system. In developing and delivering water resource information the location of these features is as vital as the information about the interactions between the features.

Water information supports the government in addressing issues such as:

Climate change
Water and natural resource management, including coal seam gas extraction
Flood mapping
Emergency management
Hazard mitigation or disaster risk reduction
Environmental planning and monitoring
Urban development and agriculture
Insurance, engineering and mining

Surface Hydrology, Catchment Boundaries, Hydrological Obstructions, Flow Direction Grid, Groundwater, Groundwater Bores, Groundwater Dependent Ecosystems (GDE)